Iain Duncan Smith has told MPs that the costs of the Universal Credit project are £652m to March 2014 – which is about £36,222 per successful claimant, writes Tony Collins on Campaign4Change.
The figure includes the money paid to the DWP’s Universal Credit IT suppliers which was £303m by the end of 2012/13. An updated figure will be published in a UC report by the National Audit Office due to be published near the end of this month.
The costs of Universal Credit per successful claimant are disproportionately high for an IT-enabled programme that has been running for more than three years because numbers on the system are small.
If the UC programme were complete, at a forecast cost of £1.8bn, and the predicted 7.7 million people were receiving the benefit, the scheme’s delivery costs per claimant would be only about £234.
As at October 2014 17,850 people were on the Universal Credit caseload. IDS told the Work and Pensions Committee on 5 November, in a hearing that lasted more than 2 hours, that the costs of UC were £652m by March 2014.
That works out at about £36, 222 per successful UC claimant.
Total delivery costs for the programme are expected to be £1.8bn, down from an original prediction of £2.4bn, IDS told the committee.
IDS and the DWP hope many more successful claimants will be added to the systems next year when Universal Credit is rolled out to all jobcentres and local authorities across the country. But the scheme is subject to growing uncertainties, as the DWP’s permanent secretary Robert Devereux and IDS made clear to the committee.
DWP drops firm end date for UC
When an MP put it to IDS that he no longer has a concrete end date for when 7.7 million people will be on UC, he paused. Then he said the plan was for UC to be complete “by the end of 2018″. He gave no commitment and did not deny that there is no concrete end date.
“Er yes, yeah,” replied IDS. “We do envisage UC being complete by the end of 2018. That’s our plan.” He said that UC would handle singles, couples, then families. In the meantime the DWP is developing an “end-state digital process” that will deliver benefits for claimants and the departments.
“The roll-out gives us phenomenal understanding of what we need to do to make sure the digital service ultimately comes in and completes that process properly. There is a de-risking of the process.”
UC may never be fully automated
Another uncertainty for UC is its ability to handle an estimated 1.6 million changes per month to people’s claims.
Changes in circumstances are handled manually at present.
Robert Devereux, permanent secretary at the DWP, told the committee that the UC systems are, for some claimants, part manual, part automated. Devereux said:
“The peculiar nooks and crannies with individual circumstances – we have deliberately not tried to code every permutation as we go along. We are trying to make sure it can be safely delivered within costs in a sensible fashion.
“It would not be sensible to code every possible permutation back at the start while you are still learning. There are different elements of the system, some of which will be [digital] all the way through, some which are not.”
The committee chair Dame Anne Begg questioned whether UC will ever work effectively if manual processing is applied to some of the 7.7 million claimants. She received no clear answer.
Read more on the Campaign4Change website.
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