It’s well understood now that a major reason for Labour’s heavy defeat was its abject failure to throw back into the Tories’ face their preposterous rewriting of history that Labour was responsible for the financial/economic crash triggered by the bankers and the international recession. But that is only part of the story. A reformist party bent on transformational change can only succeed if inextricably linked with a powerful social movement to drive through its aspirations. Focus groups, spin doctors, and central direction with demands to stay on message won’t do it. Until the 1980s the Labour party had a mass movement centred round a systematic programme of political education and democratic decision-making focused around the annual conference.