What does your Conservative Government tell you about poverty?
David Cameron says it is decreasing. He wants you to live a peaceful, fact-free existence, ignorant of the devastation being wrought by the government that three-quarters of us didn’t elect. His attitude is: “Don’t worry your pretty little head about it. You go back to sleep.”
This research demonstrates what a filthy liar he is.
But then, we knew that when he said he was changing the definition of child poverty so it does not refer to any lack of money. And now 312,000 children are in destitution, according to the Joseph Rowntree Foundation – who This Writer will believe far more readily than any Tory.
The JRF is calling on the Office for National Statistics to begin measuring destitution, according to criteria defined by the Foundation.
This Writer is willing to bet the Tories will veto such an idea.
Will you still be happy to let them tell you what to do… until you become destitute too?
The first comprehensive study into destitution in the UK has revealed that 1.25 million people, including over 300,000 children, are destitute, the independent Joseph Rowntree Foundation announced today.
Destitution is the most severe form of poverty in the UK and means someone can’t afford the basic essentials they need to eat, keep clean and stay warm and dry.
The total number of destitute people in the UK, including UK citizens, is not currently measured by the Government. The report was commissioned by JRF in response to perceptions that extreme poverty had risen in recent years. It has been conducted by experts at Heriot-Watt University with advice from a wide range of experts and service providers across the UK, and has taken two years to complete.
The definition of destitution used in this study was developed with experts and tested with the general public (the only current official definition of destitution is in asylum legislation). They defined destitution as when someone lacked two or more basic essentials in one month. This means that, over this month, people have: slept rough, had one or no meals a day for two or more days, been unable to heat or to light their home for five or more days, gone without weather-appropriate clothes or gone without basic toiletries.
In total, researchers found that:
- 1,252,000 people, including 312,000 children, were destitute at some point in 2015
- 4/5 were born in the UK
- Around a third had a complex need
Young, single people, particularly men, are more likely to be destitute, but there are considerable numbers of families living in destitution There is no single cause, but most people had been living in poverty for a considerable period of time before tipping into destitution. The most common causes are:
- the extra costs of ill health and disability
- the high costs of housing and other essential bills
- a financial shock like a benefit sanction or delay
The report finds that there is a very broad range of factors which can tip someone into destitution, and for many people is not due to a specific set of circumstances such as seeking asylum or having complex needs.
Most people had been living in poverty for a considerable period of time before becoming destitute. Many people named the extra expenses caused by disability and illness and the high cost of rent and household energy bills as triggers for destitution. Debt repayments were also a common reason for being unable to afford basic essentials. The most common were debts from social fund loans and benefit overpayments owed to DWP, council tax arrears owed to local councils, rent arrears, and debts to utility companies. Many people said that they were unable to afford necessities following a benefit delay or sanction.
The number of people experiencing severe poverty, which is linked to destitution, has been rising sharply in the UK since the economic crash in 2008. Areas with the highest levels of destitution mirrored areas with generally high levels of poverty. Some London boroughs, former industrial areas of the North of England and deprived coastal towns had the highest levels of destitution.
People who had experienced destitution said that they felt ‘demeaned, ‘degraded’ and ‘humiliated’ by having to get family, friends or charities to provide basics like food and toiletries. Destitute parents often went without things themselves so that they could provide more for their children. Many felt that destitution had a negative impact on their relationships with their children and with other family and friends, leading to social isolation. Destitution took a toll on many people’s mental health, and some reported physical health problems. Several said that they were unable to afford over the counter medicines for themselves or their families.
In 2015, destitute people reported problems with getting behind on bills (57%), serious debt (33%), benefit delays (40%) or sanctions (30%), serious health problems (29%), eviction (19%), problems with work (19%), breakdown in relationship with family members (25%), separation from a partner (14%) and domestic violence (11%).
JRF is calling on the Office of National Statistics to begin officially tracking the number of destitute people in the UK. Government, businesses, communities and individuals need to work together to provide better support for people in crisis, as well as reducing the costs of housing and basic essentials as well as creating better jobs that pay sufficiently.
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