Were the Jake Davison killings terrorist acts? Or is ‘Incel’ just a pretty tag for wretched inadequates?

Jake Davison: from the state of him – both mental and physical, the reason he couldnt get a girl seems clear.

What are the facts?

We know that 22-year-old Jake Davison took a gun (of some kind) and murdered his 51-year-old mother Maxine at their home in Biddick Drive, Keyham, Plymouth, last Thursday.

He then moved out into the street where he murdered three-year-old Sophie Martyn and her father Lee, 43.

Finally, he shot dead 59-year-old Stephen Washington and Kate Shepherd, 66, before turning his weapon on himself.

Also shot were a 53 year-old woman and a 33-year-old man who were sent to hospital with injuries that were not thought life-threatening.


It seems the authorities don’t know Davison’s stated reasons for the rampage – the worst mass killing on UK soil since 2010.

But he has left behind information about his political beliefs that provide us with a workable theory: he reckoned he was an “Incel”.

What on Earth is an Incel?

It’s a term apparently coined in the early part of this century to denote men who believe they are “INvoluntarily CELibate” because women are unfairly withholding sex from them.

Looking at their other beliefs, it becomes apparent that anybody withdrawing from contact with these crazies is likely to have had extremely good reasons for it!

Dr Louise Raw described the Incel philosophy in an article way back in 2018:

They specifically feel entitled to sex with women they perceive as the most attractive — “Stacys” — and resent both them and the “Chads” — romantically successful men — they date. When these are men of colour, the hatred steps up a gear.

This all seemed pitiful until it turned deadly.

Pitiful is right!

The fact is that pretty much every man on the planet might describe himself as “involuntarily celibate” at one time or another.

But – as a rule – we don’t blame women – as a group – for “withholding” sexual contact that we feel we have a right to have. It doesn’t work like that. Sex is the most intimate thing that two people can do, and that’s why most women won’t do it with any Tom, Harry or Dick that turns up. It is perfectly reasonable for them to want a little security in their choice first.

Nobody is “entitled” to it. In fact, if you believe in Darwin’s laws of natural selection, procreation is a privilege that should be awarded only to those who are most fit for the job. There’s evidence for that in the mating displays carried out by the males of other animal species in order to impress the females.

So, as an attitude to relationships, we can safely say that anybody holding this view is a wretched sexual and social inadequate who is just looking for a shortcut to sex that will hide their interpersonal failings.

But there’s another aspect to this: politics.

Incels, it seems, ally themselves with opposition to feminism. The idea is that an improvement in the lives of women must bring with it a worsening of men’s position, and this leads to hatred of women – also known as misogyny.

And misogyny has long been a pathway into support for fascism – in the same way that racism has been.

Incels are therefore most likely to be white men who are misogynistic racists; if they see women they consider attractive with men of colour, then the hatred steps up a notch.

This makes them easy to recruit into far-right organisations, and there is evidence that American alt-right groups have been doing just that.

Davison was certainly prime material for radicalisation of this kind. According to the Daily Beast,

Davison expressed his admiration for Donald Trump on Facebook and posted multiple self-pitying YouTube videos in which he identified himself as part of the incel community.

In one post from 2018, Davison shared a Trump quote and, when his friends ridiculed him in the comments, the suspect hit back: “You may not agree with his political views (I do) but he is different from the scum like Hillary or the people running our country like the neo-con sellout that is [then-British Prime Minister] Theresa May.”

Davison’s Facebook likes suggest he was obsessed with conservative U.S. politics. He followed the pages of Trump, all of his children, and several Trump businesses, as well as pages for the NRA, Fox News, Breitbart, Ted Cruz, Ben Carson, and one called “Ted Nugent for President.” In one comment, he said it was his dream to move to the States.

It has been noted that these associations were suppressed by domestic news organisations like the BBC in their early reports:

But was Davison a terrorist?

Tricky. And these waters were muddied by the BBC (et all) failing to identify his political leanings…

At first, Devon & Cornwall Police denied any link with terrorism:

But now they’re changing their tune.

UK law defines terrorism as: “Use or threat of action, both in and outside of the UK, designed to influence any international government organisation or to intimidate the public. It must also be for the purpose of advancing a political, religious, racial or ideological cause.”

Personally, then, I don’t think Davison’s actions would constitute terrorism as defined here.

I don’t think he was trying to influence government or intimidate the public because firstly, he didn’t demand anything and secondly, he would need to be alive for any intimidation to work.

The idea of advancing Incel as a cause is self-defeating; even those who identify as members of that group don’t want to be in it!

And his lunatic right-wing ideology will have taken a public relations hammering as a result of his murders.

That being said, there is plenty of evidence to show that people who identify themselves as Incels need to be tracked down and challenged. Perhaps the easiest way to do this would be to accede to the wishes below, and define misogyny (and therefore also its counterpart, misandry) as a hate crime.

It seems to me that the expression of misogynistic opinions in the way carried out by the Incels indicates a desire to harm – and a lack of concern about the consequences – that crosses the line of acceptability.

It also seems reasonable to me that, if alerted to such expressions of opinion, police should challenge those responsible and, following on from that – if necessary – take appropriate steps to prevent acts of violence such as we saw last week in Plymouth.

It would be possible, also, to use such interviews as ways to research whether these people are indeed being radicalised by right-wing organisations for the purpose of committing terrorist crime – and to devise ways of combating such activity.

Connected with this, of course, is the fact that Davison owned a gun. His own social media posts and YouTube videos confessed that he was mentally unstable, and therefore it seems logical that he should not have been in possession of a firearm, yet his licence had been renewed only recently.

And it isn’t as though we haven’t been aware of the risks:

Ah, but Chris Williamson is a socialist – and therefore might as well be a terrorist himself – right?

You see how these debates can be twisted by political dogma – especially when news organisations like the BBC distort or omit important facts?

Have YOU donated to my crowdfunding appeal, raising funds to fight false libel claims by TV celebrities who should know better? These court cases cost a lot of money so every penny will help ensure that wealth doesn’t beat justice.


Vox Political needs your help!
If you want to support this site
but don’t want to give your money to advertisers)
you can make a one-off donation here:

Donate Button with Credit Cards

Here are four ways to be sure you’re among the first to know what’s going on.

1) Register with us by clicking on ‘Subscribe’ (in the left margin). You can then receive notifications of every new article that is posted here.

2) Follow VP on Twitter @VoxPolitical

3) Like the Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/VoxPolitical/

Join the Vox Political Facebook page.

4) You could even make Vox Political your homepage at http://voxpoliticalonline.com

And do share with your family and friends – so they don’t miss out!

If you have appreciated this article, don’t forget to share it using the buttons at the bottom of this page. Politics is about everybody – so let’s try to get everybody involved!

Buy Vox Political books so we can continue
fighting for the facts.

The Livingstone Presumption is now available
in either print or eBook format here:

HWG PrintHWG eBook

Health Warning: Government! is now available
in either print or eBook format here:

HWG PrintHWG eBook

The first collection, Strong Words and Hard Times,
is still available in either print or eBook format here:


7 thoughts on “Were the Jake Davison killings terrorist acts? Or is ‘Incel’ just a pretty tag for wretched inadequates?

  1. dsbacon2017

    I have a feeling that most terrorists are little more than pathetic inadequates. In my view, deliberately firing a gun at people in order to kill them is an act of terrorism. Many terrorists – pathetic, social inadequates that they are commit suicide after their murderous spree. Jake Davison certainly seems to fit the terrorist mould.

  2. Jon Lisle-Summers

    Incel definitely is a political stance. I first became aware of it when Trump began his run for President during the Republican Primaries – at the time, Huffpost and others were treating him as an unelectable joke.
    Because Trump’s strategy was one of “extreme insults to everyone”, misogyny – I prefer gynephobia, because fear is a huge part of Incel “philosophy”, was Donald’s first big target (with racism a close second). It worked. The inadequates streamed out of the digital backwoods in their thousands, particularly noticeable on US political newsletters, sites and Twitter & Facebook.
    Incels have a weird inverted pride in their status, bigging up what they would normally play down. Bigotry is good, according to the average Incel. They try to outdo each other with their insults they encourage each other to be more and more extreme. The gap between word and deed narrows until boom, tragedy.
    So, there’s definitely a path of radicalisation taking place. Incels started out as amateurs but they have become increasingly organised, sometimes adding conspiracy theory (think QAnon), Anti-vax, and yes, neo-Fascism.
    They’ve kind of combined into a very nasty violent political thread which is now running right through American politics all the way to the top Trumpublicans in the Senate.
    Radicalisation, organisation, action…
    Is that terrorism? Yes, it is.

  3. Golden Age

    Excellent article.

    Misogyny has been allowed to grow to vast proportions in the UK in the last 20 years or so, without being tackled by govt. or MSM. There are numerous comments allowed on articles in the Daily Mail, for example, which are blatantly misogynistic, but are allowed onto the comments sections, whereas, try putting a comment on there which goes against the DM’s agenda on any other topic and it won’t be published. Some of these comments from self professed incels and misogynists show how much they dislike/hate women.

    I did some dating in my 40’s twenty years ago. I was shocked how many of my dates – men in their 40’s and 50’s – hated women. They would spend the first date telling me how awful other women were, how they did not measure up looks wise, or there was no chemistry with the woman – always the woman’s fault, not theirs. These men made no attempt at conversation, they threw monologues at me. I never challenged these men as I realised I could be dealing with a dangerous mentally ill person. I escaped as fast as possible.

    To be fair, I know there are many sane and loving men who treat woman well and do not hate them.

  4. Catherine Lynn Jenks

    I’m horrified that there are men who believe they are somehow ‘entitled’ to have sex with any woman they find attractive, and that women who withhold this from them are wrong. Isn’t this tantamount to insisting they have a right to rape?

  5. Stephen Brophy

    corners cut means mistakes happen! and our government are number one at cutting corners! the dangers I see are these tag lines and motos, People should really wake up to this labelling. it is just another way to other people, to divide, that guy was just a woman hating racist! he could have been stopped if police number and social services wasn’t cut.

  6. Growing Flame

    It’s not just the Plymouth murderer who represents the terrorist version of “Incel” misogyny.

    Thousands of them just took control of Afghanistan. They don’t just share a taste for scruffy beards. They share the same attitude to women.

Comments are closed.